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Les Verbes Irréguliers

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Et oui, malheureusement, il faut y passer. 

Comme nous vous l'avions indiqué précédemment, il existe en anglais des verbes qui ont décidé de 'se la jouer en solo' et de ne pas respecter les règles de construction que respectent les autres. 

Ainsi, ces verbes ont des constructions spécifiques de leur prétérit et de leur participe passé. Et s'il n'y en avait que cinq, cela irait... mais il y en a un petit peu plus... Et pas d'autre solution que les apprendre car vous en aurez besoin!!

Voici une liste des verbes les plus fréquents:

Base Verbale Prétérit Participe Passé Traduction
A
arise arose arisen s'élever
B
be was / were been être
beat beat beaten battre
become became become devenir
begin began begun commencer
bleed bled bled saigner
break broke broken casser
bring brought brought apporter
build built built construire
burn burnt burnt brûler
buy bought bought acheter
C
catch caught caught attraper
choose chose chosen choisir
come came come venir
cost cost cost coûter
cut cut cut couper
D
do did done faire
draw drew drawn dessiner / tirer
dream dreamt dreamt rêver
drink drank drunk boire
drive drove driven conduire
E
eat ate eaten manger
F
fall fell fallen tomber
feed fed fed (se) nourrir
fight fought fought se battre
find found found trouver
forget forgot forgotten oublier
forgive forgave forgiven pardonner
G
get got got obtenir
give gave given donner
go went gone aller
H
have had had avoir
hear heard heard entendre
hold held held tenir
K
keep kept kept garder
kneel knelt knelt s'agenouiller
know knew known savoir
L
learn learnt learnt apprendre
leave left left laisser, quitter
let let let laisser, permettre
lose lost lost perdre
M
make made made fabriquer
mean meant meant signifier
meet met met rencontrer
P
pay paid paid payer
put put put poser, mettre
R
read read read lire
run ran run courir
S
say said said dire
see saw seen voir
sell sold sold vendre
send sent sent envoyer
show showed shown montrer
sing sang sung chanter
sit sat sat s'asseoir
sleep slept slept dormir
slide slid slid glisser
smell smelt smelt sentir (odeur)
speak spoke spoken parler
spend spent spent dépenser
split split split diviser
spread spread spread étaler
stand stood stood se tenir debout
stink stank stunk sentir mauvais
swim swam swum nager
T
take took taken prendre
teach taught taught enseigner
tell told told dire, raconter
think thought thought penser
U
understand understood understood comprendre
W
wake woke woken réveiller
wear wore worn porter (vêtements)
win won won gagner
write wrote written écrire