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Les Huit Temps Vus

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Nous avons donc vu jusqu'à présent les temps suivants:
- le présent simple / le présent BE + ING
- le prétérit simple / le prétérit BE + ING
- le present perfect
- le futur
- le conditionnel
- le past perfect

Rappel de l'axe chronologique:




Rappel de la formation de ces temps:

TEMPS FORME AFFIRMATIVE FORME NÉGATIVE FORME INTERROGATIVE
Présent simple Sujet + BV
(on rajoute un 's' au verbe à la 3ème personne du singulier.)

I work...
You work..
He works...
We work...
They work...
Sujet + DO / DOES +  NOT + BV

I do not work..
You do not work..
He does not work..
We do not work..
They do not work...


(mot interrogatif) + DO / DOES + sujet + BV... ?

.... do I work..?
...do you work..?
... does he work..?
... do we work..?
...do they work...?

Présent BE + ING Sujet + BE au présent  + V-ING

I am working..
You are working..
He is working..
We are working..
They are working..
Sujet + BE au présent + NOT + V-ING

I am not working..
You are not working..
He is not working..
We are not working...
They are not working..

(mot interrogatif) +  BE au présent 
+ sujet + V-ing... ?

... am I working..?
... are you working..?
... is he working..?
... are we working...?
... are they working..?
Prétérit simple Sujet + V-ed

I worked..
You worked..
He worked..
We worked..
They worked..
Sujet + did + not + BV

I did not work..
You did not work..
He did not work..
We did not work..
They did not work...
(mot interrogatif) + did 
+ sujet + BV... ?

... did I work..?
... did you work..?
... did he work..?
... did we work..?
... did they work...?
Prétérit BE + ING Sujet + BE au prétérit + V-ing...

I was working..
You were working
He was working...
We were working..
They were working
Sujet + BE au prétérit +
 not + V-ing...

I was not working..
You were not working..
He was not working.
We were not working..
They were not working..
(mot interrogatif) + BE au prétérit + sujet + V-ing... ?

... was I working..?
... were you working..?
... was he working...?
... were we working..?
... were they working..?
Present Perfect Sujet +  HAVE au présent Participe Passé...

I have worked...
You have worked..
He has worked...
We have worked..
They have worked...
Sujet +  HAVE au présent + not
+ Participe Passé...

I have not worked...
You have not worked..
He has not worked...
We have not worked..
They have not worked...
(mot interrogatif)+  HAVE au présent + sujet + Participe Passé...?

... have I worked...?
... have you worked..?
... has he worked...?
... have we worked..?
... have they worked...?
Futur Sujet + WILL + Base Verbale

I will work...
You will work...
He will work..
We will work...
They will work...
Sujet + WILL + NOT + Base Verbale

I will not work...
You will not work...
He will not work..
We will not work...
They will not work...
(mot interrogatif) + WILL + sujet + Base Verbale...?

... will I work...?
... will you work...?
.. will he work...?
... will we work...?
... will they work...?
Conditionnel Sujet + WOULD + Base Verbale

I would work..
You would work...
He would work...
We would work...
They would work...
Sujet + WOULD + NOT + Base Verbale

I would not work...
You would not work...
He would not work...
We would not work...
They would not work...
(mot interrogatif) + WOULD + sujet + Base Verbale...?

... would I work...?
... would you work...?
... would he work...?
.... would we work...?
... would they work...?
Past Perfect Sujet + HAD + Participe Passé...

I had worked...
You had worked..
He had worked...
We had worked..
They had worked....
Sujet + HAD + NOT + Participe Passé

I had not worked..
You had not worked...
He had not worked...
We had not worked...
They had not worked....
(mot interrogatif) + HAD + sujet + Participe passé...?

... had I worked...?
... had you worked...?
... had he worked...?
... had we worked...?
... had they worked...?

Rappel de l'usage de ces temps:


Présent simple --> pour parler d'une habitude
--> pour une vérité générale
--> pour une situation permanente
--> avec les verbes d'état
Présent BE + ING --> pour décrire un événement en déroulement au moment présent.
--> pour une situation provisoire
Prétérit simple --> pour parler d'un évenement passé et révolu.
--> pour conter une succession d'événements dans le passé.
Prétérit BE + ING --> pour décrire un événement en déroulement dans le passé.
--> pour décrire une situation provisoire dans le passé.
Present Perfect --> pour exprimer un parcours commençant dans le passé et se poursuivant jusqu'au moment présent
--> pour exprimer un résultat au moment présent
Past Perfect --> pour parler d'un événement antérieur à un autre événement passé.
--> pour exprimer un parcours dans le passé
Futur --> pour parler d'un événement à venir
Conditionnel --> pour parler d'un événement fictif (expression de l'hypothèse)
--> pour parler d'un événement à venir dans le passé (futur dans le passé)